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Posted by / 23-Apr-2020 20:26

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This, in itself, cannot be taken as an indication that the tribes are related.

With names that can be translated along the lines of: ‘hill dwellers’, ‘people of the horn’, ‘hunters’, etc., similarities are to be expected.

The red hair and large limbs of the inhabitants of Caledonia [1 on the clickable map] point clearly to a German origin.

The dark complexion of the Silures [12], their usually curly hair, and the fact that Spain is the opposite shore to them, are an evidence that Iberians of a former date crossed over and occupied these parts....“Britain, the largest of the islands which Roman geography includes, is so situated that it faces Germany on the east, Spain on the west; on the south it is even within sight of Gaul; its northern extremities, which have no shores opposite to them, are beaten by the waves of a vast open sea.”The notion that Britain's west coast faced towards Spain, with Ireland in-between, is a recurring misconception.

For administrative purposes, those parts of Roman Britain which were not under direct military control, were divided into ‘civitates’ (singular: ‘civitas’) – the equivalent of counties.

A civitas was usually based on an existing tribal division, and retained the name of the tribe concerned. AD150, Greco-Egyptian mathematician, astronomer and geographer, Claudius Ptolemaeus (c.100–c.170), known as Ptolemy, produced a set of coordinates which allow a rudimentary map of the world as he knew it to be drawn.

In the case of Britain, most of the details (presumably originating in military maps) would seem to date from the 70s and 80s, though the location of the 6th Legion (VI Victrix Pia Fidelis), at Eboracum (York), clearly came from a much later source – they did not arrive in Britain until about 122.“Who were the original inhabitants of Britain, whether they were indigenous or foreign, is as usual among barbarians, little known.

Their physical characteristics are various, and from these conclusions may be drawn.

I could myself more readily believe that the natural properties of the pearls are in fault than our keenness for gain.The language differs but little; there is the same boldness in challenging danger, and, when it is near, the same timidity in shrinking from it.The Britons, however, exhibit more spirit, as being a people whom a long peace has not yet enervated.The Britons themselves bear cheerfully the conscription, the taxes, and the other burdens imposed on them by the Empire, if there be no oppression.Of this they are impatient; they are reduced to subjection, not as yet to slavery.” appear as a particular tribe, living in the vicinity of the Great Glen.

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