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From 2006 to 2012 the number of countries listed fell to 10 and then rose to 12. In 2014 the list grew to 19 with an increased emphasis on surveillance in addition to censorship. When the "Countries under surveillance" list was introduced in 2008, it listed 10 countries.
Between 20 the number of countries listed grew to 16 and then fell to 11. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices is an annual series of reports on human rights conditions in countries throughout the world.
The level of Internet censorship and surveillance in a country is classified in one of the four categories: pervasive, substantial, selective, and little or no censorship or surveillance.
The classifications are based on the classifications and ratings from the Freedom on the Net reports by Freedom House supplemented with information from the Open Net Initiative (ONI), Reporters Without Borders (RWB), and the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices by the U. State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
The level of filtering was classified in 26 countries in 2007 and in 25 countries in 2009.
Of the 41 separate countries classified in these two years, seven were found to show no evidence of filtering (Egypt, France, Germany, India, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States), while one was found to engage in pervasive filtering in all areas (China), 13 were found to engage in pervasive filtering in one or more areas, and 34 were found to engage in some level of filtering in one or more areas.
The surveys ask a set of questions designed to measure each country's level of Internet and digital media freedom, as well as the access and openness of other digital means of transmitting information, particularly mobile phones and text messaging services.
The reports are prepared by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor within the United States Department of State.
Detailed country by country information on Internet censorship and surveillance is provided in the Freedom on the Net reports from Freedom House, by the Open Net Initiative, by Reporters Without Borders, and in the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices from the U. State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.
The ratings produced by several of these organizations are summarized below as well as in the Censorship by country article.
In 2006, Reporters without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF), a Paris-based international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, started publishing a list of "Enemies of the Internet".
The organization classifies a country as an enemy of the internet because "all of these countries mark themselves out not just for their capacity to censor news and information online but also for their almost systematic repression of Internet users." When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in 2006, it listed 13 countries.
The Freedom on the Net reports provide analytical reports and numerical ratings regarding the state of Internet freedom for countries worldwide.